Tencent technology news on August 21, Tesla is not satisfied with being just an automobile manufacturer or energy company. Now it still hopes to become a robot company.
At the “artificial intelligence day” held on Thursday, Tesla CEO Elon Musk unexpectedly announced that he was developing a humanoid robot. He considered that the effort was entirely logical considering the company’s technology and experience in developing autopilot.
Musk said: “it can be said that Tesla is the largest robot company in the world, because our car is a semi intelligent robot with wheels.”“ We think we may launch a prototype humanoid robot sometime next year. ”
The Tesla robot musk said is not a professional tool, but a general artificial intelligence that can meet any challenge“ Can it roam the world without specific training and hand-to-hand guidance? Can you say to it, ‘please pick up that bolt and fix it on the car with that wrench?’ ” Musk asked himself, “it should be able to do this. It should be able to go to the store and buy groceries for me. ”
But the current Tesla robot has only renderings. Tesla said that the robot is 1.52 meters high and weighs 56.7 kg. It has 40 servo motors up and down. Musk also mentioned some cool sounding but unexplained features in the slide, such as “human hands” and “supercomputing Dojo training”.
“Essentially, it also has an autopilot system. It’s equipped with a camera and a fully autonomous computer and uses all the tools we have in our electric cars, “Musk said.
Of course, Tesla’s challenge is that its so-called fully automatic driving function of electric vehicles has been delayed for many years, and there is still no outbreak. A beta version of the fully automated driving (FSD) suite has been distributed to thousands of Tesla owners. However, the video of system operation shows that although electric vehicles equipped with FSD can drive normally for a long time, they often make worrying bad decisions. In one test, the electric vehicle suddenly turned to the right lane before turning left. In another video, an electric car tries to drive into an area surrounded by a warning cone.
Tesla will face greater challenges in developing robots. At present, the company mainly relies on the driver to help train FSD. When the computer fails, the driver will turn the steering wheel or step on the brake. But Tesla doesn’t have this treatment for training humanoid robots. People always have the patience to train cars. After all, they have to sit in the driver’s seat anyway to prevent the computer from making wrong decisions. But few people have the patience to train robots to complete low-risk ordinary tasks such as buying apples at the grocery store. Without thousands of volunteers to train Tesla robots, the learning process will increase exponentially.
Musk’s plan to build a robot prototype in a year is also too radical. In fact, from the past experience of Boston power, it is not easy to build robots that can move freely in complex environments. The company has been studying bipedal and quadruped robots for many years, but these robots also have serious faults from time to time.
Musk did mention the use of Tesla robots in factories in his speech. After all, automation equipment has obvious advantages in the factory environment. In fact, many factories have been highly automated. However, in the factory environment, it is much easier and cheaper to adjust the production line according to the robot function than to make a humanoid robot.
At the end of his speech, musk cited a set of philosophy on how robots will subvert the socio-economic foundation. For generations, economists, engineers and philosophers have worried that the growing automation may completely subvert modern civilization. Although this day may come, the worry has not yet proved to be true. Automation has undoubtedly led to the unemployment of some people, but so far human society has been able to adapt to the process of automation.
Experts in this field often point out that automation can not only replace manual posts, but also increase posts. In surgeons’ operations, the wide application of robots helps surgeons complete new operations and reduce the invasiveness of traditional operations to the human body. At the same time, robots will also replace workers. In the first decade of this century alone, the process of automation has eliminated more than 500000 jobs in the United States.
Humanoid robots could threaten millions of jobs that are currently difficult to automate. If this happens, “basically in the future, manual labor will be the choice,” Musk said.
If humanoid robots eventually replace human work, how will society adapt? Musk has thrown out a frequently cited solution, that is, the basic income of the whole people, which can alleviate the problem in the transition phase“ But not now, because today’s robots can’t work, “Musk said（ (compiled by Tencent technology / Jiao Han)