SpaceX launched successfully in the New Year! Falcon 9 launched turksat 5A into space

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Musk just became the richest man on Earth last night, but he was not idle for a moment. A few hours ago, SpaceX just launched turksat 5A communication satellite for Turkey, which opened the busy prelude of 2021.
At 9:15 p.m. EDT, a 230 foot (70 meter) Falcon 9 rocket was launched from Cape Canaveral space station 40 space launch site to launch turksat 5A satellite into space.
But there was a short delay in the live broadcast. SpaceX said in the live broadcast of the launch that the short delay was due to downlink tracking problems.
It is predicted that there is a 70% possibility of favorable conditions for launch, and the main concerns are cumulus and thick clouds, as well as upper wind shear. These environments are not always ideal for bystanders, but they can also produce interesting sound effects when the roar of a falcon sounds particularly loud.
Falcon 9’s 50th flight
When the two-stage Falcon 9 rocket jumped out of the launch pad, the light of the rocket’s nine first stage engines turned night into day. Long after the rocket was out of sight, the rumble of the engine could still be heard.
The mission marked the first launch in Cape this year. Eight and a half minutes after the launch, the first stage of the rocket landed on the “just read the instructions” of SpaceX’s two giant unmanned ships.
Today’s flight is the fourth launch of Falcon 9’s first stage. The booster, named b1060, launched the upgraded GPS III satellite for the US space force in June 2020, followed by SpaceX’s Starlink Internet satellite in September and October.
Falcon 9 flew vertically from the launch pad this morning. SpaceX did not conduct static ignition tests on this particular rocket before flight. Normally, the company will hold the rocket on the launch pad and simply fire its nine first stage engines to ensure that its system works as expected before launch. But SpaceX skips this routine test. In fact, SpaceX did not conduct a static fire test during its mission to launch a satellite for the US National Reconnaissance agency space station in December last year.
Later this year, SpaceX will launch its corresponding detector, turksat 5B. It’s part of Turkey’s expansion of space power.
Review of space launch missions this year
In addition to today’s SpaceX launch, there are also some other space launch missions in the new year. The following are some noteworthy missions:
Artemis 1
Artemis 1 is the first flight of the NASA led international Artemis program to return astronauts to the moon by 2024. This will include an unmanned Orion spacecraft that will be sent around the moon for a three week flight. It will reach a maximum distance of 450000 kilometers from the earth – the longest distance any spacecraft that can carry humans into space.
Artemis 1 will be launched into earth orbit by NASA’s space launch system, which will be the most powerful rocket in operation. After taking off from earth orbit, Orion will be pushed from the temporary cryogenic propulsion stage of the rocket to another road leading to the moon. The Orion capsule will then move to the moon, powered by a service module provided by the European Space Agency.
The mission will give engineers on earth the opportunity to assess the operation of the spacecraft in deep space and serve as a prelude to future manned lunar missions. The launch of Artemis 1 is currently scheduled for later 2021.
Mars missions
In February this year, Mars will welcome a group of ground robot guests from many countries. “Al Amal” of the United Arab Emirates, the spacecraft is the first interstellar mission in the Arab world.
It plans to reach Mars orbit on February 9, where it will spend two years monitoring Martian weather and the missing atmosphere.
Tianwen 1
In a few weeks after the Al Amal, it will be China’s National Space Administration’s tianwen-1, which consists of an orbiter and a ground Rover. The spacecraft will enter Mars orbit for several months before deploying the rover to the surface of Mars. If successful, China will become the third country to land on Mars. The mission has several objectives, including mapping the mineral composition of the surface and searching for groundwater.
Chandrayaan-3
In March 2021, ISRO plans to launch its third lunar mission: chandrayaan-3. Chandrayaan-1, launched in 2008, is one of the first major missions of India’s space programme. The mission, consisting of an orbiter and a surface penetrating probe, is one of the first to confirm evidence of water on the moon.
Unfortunately, less than a year later, contact with the satellite was lost. Sadly, its successor, chandrayaan-2, which consists of an orbiter, a lander (Vikram) and a lunar rover (pragyan), also suffered a similar accident.
Chandrayaan-3 announced a few months later. It will consist of only one lander and one lunar rover, as the orbiter of the previous mission is still running and providing data.
If all goes well, chandrayaan-3 will land in the Aitken basin at the moon’s south pole. This is particularly noteworthy because it is thought to have a large underground water ice deposit – an important part of any sustainable lunar habitation in the future.
James Webb Space Telescope

The James Webb Space Telescope is the successor of the Hubble Space Telescope, but its launch is not smooth. The launch of the Weber telescope was originally planned for 2007, but after significant underestimation and overspending, similar to the situation experienced by Hubble, it is nearly 14 years late and costs about $10 billion (7.4 billion pounds).
Hubble provides some amazing views of the universe in visible and ultraviolet light, while Weber plans to focus on infrared. The reason for this is that there is likely to be a gas cloud blocking the observation of really distant objects.
These clouds block really small wavelengths of light, such as X-rays and ultraviolet rays, while longer wavelengths, such as infrared, microwave and radio, can pass more easily. So by looking at these longer wavelengths, we should be able to see more of the universe.
Compared with Hubble’s 2.4-meter-diameter mirror, Weber also has a larger mirror with a diameter of 6.5 meters – which is crucial to improving image resolution and seeing finer details.
Weber’s main task is to observe the light from the galaxies on the edge of the universe, which can tell us how the first stars, galaxies and planetary systems formed. This may also include some information about the origin of life, because Weber is planning to conduct high-detail imaging of exoplanet atmospheres to find the components of life.
Maybe you can see some amazing images similar to those taken by the Hubble telescope. Weber currently plans to launch on October 31 aboard the Ariane 5 rocket.
In addition, NASA announced that SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft plans to return to earth from the international space station on January 11. It is reported that this is the first time that the Dragon spacecraft has carried out the undocking operation of a commercial cargo spacecraft, and US astronaut Victor Glover will be responsible for the monitoring work at the space station. On this return, Longfei will carry 5200 pounds of scientific experimental equipment and other materials.
The turbulent year 2020 has passed, and the journey of 2021 may really be a sea of stars.
(statement: This article only represents the author’s point of view, not Sina’s position.)